Whether you’re a newbie or knowbie, you’ve likely seen several patterns that utilize granny squares. This versatile square can be used to create a variety of designs. From dish rags to purses, sweaters, and more, there are many unique variations of the granny square. It can be overwhelming, in fact, to know where to begin when creating a granny square. A round center? A flowered center? Minimal holes? Stripes? Yep, there’s a granny square for it! 

At Happily Hooked, we feature many different granny square patterns. But in order to understand your pattern, you’ll first need to know how to make your square. We’re here to help!

What Is A Granny Square?

The granny square, while featured in clothes and purses in stores like Target and on television for decades, has been in existence since the 1890s. This classic square started as a simple design and has turned into a way for artists to express their personality, making their squares just as unique as themselves. 

The granny square was first featured in The Art of Crocheting As An Engraving in 1891, then was later penned and published as a pattern in 1897. The simple pattern is almost exactly the same as the one we use today, with just very slight variations. 

It’s thought to have grown in popularity so much for three main reasons — it’s economical, it’s portable, and it’s versatile. It doesn’t hurt that they’re also very simple! So simple that we’ll teach you right here how to make one! 

What Do I Need to Make A Granny Square? 

If you’re looking to make a granny square bucket hat, use up some scrap yarn, or work on something between larger projects, the granny square is perfect. To get started, you’ll need just a few tools: 

  • Yarn: Any yarn will do, but if you’ll be making several squares, we suggest using the same weight yarn for each granny square if they’ll be sewn together.
  • Scissors
  • Hook: Size will vary depending on the yarn used
  • Tapestry needle

What Types of Granny Squares Are There?

Once you’ve gathered all your tools, you’ll want to decide on what variation of the granny square you want to make. To keep it simple, we’ll be making a traditional granny square. However, feel free to check out even more unique granny square patterns across the web. If you’re looking for something other than a classic granny square, this blanket from Happily Hooked’s July 2022 Pattern Pro Pack features a variety of squares, including:

  • Solid granny square
  • Sunburst granny square 
  • Easy sunflower granny square
  • Circle to square granny square
  • Flower granny square

A variety of granny square options. Pattern Pro Pack Issue 94, July 2022.

How Do I Make A Granny Square?

To create a classic granny square, you will primarily use the (DC). If you’re unfamiliar with a double crochet, you can find a great video tutorial here. 

While it can seem intimidating, the granny square is a great beginner project because it only uses this one simple stitch and is very repetitive round after round.

We’ll work our granny square from the center out. This means that when we begin with our granny square, we’ll start in the very center and grow the square bigger as we go. We’ll use a repeat of granny clusters and chains to make our square.  

If you’re unfamiliar with a granny cluster, it is a set of three double crochets worked in the same space. They are separated by a chain space, giving it the squared and gapped look it’s known for. 

Now, grab your yarn, hook, and other supplies ready, and let’s get started!

We’re going to spell it all out for you, rather than use shorthand, so that you’re sure to catch on, even if you can’t yet read a crochet pattern. Our Happily Hooked patterns are easy to understand, and as a Member, we have lots of resources to help you learn to read patterns. 

Setting Up Your Square

To start your granny square, you’ll begin with a chain stitch center ring. To do this, chain four. Connect your fourth chain to your first chain using a slip stitch. Now, we’re going to work our first round into the very center of the small circle you just created. 

Round One

  1. With your chain stitch center ring complete, chain three. This chain three is going to count as your first dc. 
  2. Now,  create a dc into the center. To do this, yarn over your hook, insert your hook into the center ring and pull up a loop. Yarn over again. You should now have four loops on your hook. Yarn over and pull through two loops, then yarn over and pull through your last two.
  3. Repeat this process one more time. You will now have your first granny cluster — remember your chain three counts as a dc. 
  4. Finally, chain three. These chain-threes will be your corners later on!
  5. Create your next granny cluster by working three dc into the center ring, followed by a chain three. 
  6. Repeat this process once more so you have four granny clusters. You’ll end by chaining three after your fourth granny cluster. 
  7. Slip stitch into the top of your first chain three. This completes your first round! You should see you’ve created a small square with your chain-three spaces creating your corners. 

Round Two

  1. To begin your second round, chain four. 
  2. In your next chain-three space (your first corner) you will create three dc, followed by a 3 ch, then another three dc — all in that same corner space. Now chain one. 
  3. Repeat this process two more times. You should now have completed three corners of your granny square. 
  4. In your last chain-three space, you will need to create three doubles, three chains, then only two doubles. Remember, the chain you made at the beginning will count as your very last double and chain-one space. 
  5. Join your last double to the third chain from your beginning chain with a slip stitch.

Round Three

The third round will be very similar to the second round with just a few added steps to help the sides of your granny square grow properly. 

  1. To start, chain three. 
  2. In the chain-one space below, make two doubles. Your chain-three counts as your first double, so you now have your first granny cluster of round three created. This completes the first side of your granny square. Then chain one. Now repeat the same process you followed in round two to create your first corner. 
  3. Three doubles, chain three, three doubles. End with a chain-one.
  4. Now, you’ll make your second side with one granny cluster—three doubles followed by a chain-one. 
  5. You’ll go right into your second corner with three doubles, a chain-three, then another three doubles. Chain one and move to your third side. Your third round is halfway done. 

  1. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to complete your third round. 
  2. Join your last corner to the top of the third chain from your beginning chain-three. You should see your granny square starting to grow at this point — and if you couldn’t see it before, you should now see how this process makes a nice square. 

Round Four

At this point, you should start to recognize the flow of the pattern. You’ll repeat round three but will add another step to each side of your granny square. It should go like this:

  1. Chain four. (Remember, this counts as a double and chain-one space)
  2. Into the next chain-one space below, work three doubles followed by a chain-one.
  3. Work your first corner by completing three doubles, a chain-three, then three more doubles in your first corner from round three. Chain one.
  4. Next, work three doubles into the chain-one space below. Chain-one.
  5. Repeat step 4 once more. (You’re square has grown and now you have two granny clusters per side!)
  6. Repeat step 3 to make your second corner of the round. 
  7. Repeat steps 4 and 5.
  8. Repeat step 3 to make your third corner.
  9. One last time, repeat steps 4 and 5. You have now finished the last side of your granny square. 
  10. (10)Create your fourth and final corner by repeating step 3. You’re just about done with your classic granny square!
  11. (11)Into your last chain-one space, double two. Remember, you have your first chain four here to act as your last double and chain-one space. Join your second double to the third chain of your chain-four to complete your granny square!

Finishing Your Granny Square

For this tutorial, we only completed four rounds of the granny square. To make a bigger granny square, you would just follow this same process. Yes, it really is as easy as that! 

Now to finish off your granny square, you can cut your working yarn, leaving a few inches. Pull your yarn through the loop to secure your work. Then use your tapestry needle to weave your working yarn throughout your project to secure your work even further. 

Block Your Square

Congratulations, your granny square is complete! You will likely notice that your granny square, while amazing, is a little wrinkly or curved. This can easily be fixed by blocking your granny square! To do this, we suggest you wet block your granny square. 

To wet block your square, you will need get your granny square wet either with a spray bottle or by rinsing it under warm water. Stretch your square out to create a nice, crisp square. If you have a blocking board, you can use this to block your square. This will help ensure all of your squares are uniform in size. For more information on wet blocking, check out this YouTube video. 

If you don’t have a blocking board, you can set a towel over your square, then place something heavy on top of it, like a stack of books, to flatten it out. While this is a cheap and effective way to block your granny square, you’ll need to take extra care to ensure your squares are the same size if you’ll be using multiple squares. This can be done by using the same tension, yarn weight, hook size, and measuring your squares once complete and as you block them.

What Can Go Wrong With My Granny Square? 

While the process of creating granny squares is very simple, there are a few things that can trip you up. For some, it can be easy to lose count of where they’re at or forget to add a chain-one or chain-three space. In instances like these, you’ll end up with a square that looks, well, not quite like a square. No worries, though! Just look back to identify where you went wrong, rip out your work, and begin again! One of the great things about crafting is how easy it is to fix a mistake!

What Do I Do If My Granny Square Twists As I Work? 

If you notice that your granny square starts to have a twisted look to it, don’t fret. This can happen sometimes, and it’s actually a pretty easy fix! When you create your granny square rather than working in the same direction, you can turn your work after each round. This will eliminate the twisted look and still give you a stunning granny square! 

Not Your Granny’s Crochet

Now that you know how to create a classic granny square, your options are endless! At Happily Hooked, we aim to provide our readers with a wide variety of patterns, tips, and tricks each month. When you visit www.happilyhooked.com, you’ll find a wide range of patterns utilizing this granny square method. Whether you’re looking for some ways to use up scrap yarn, want to try your hand at making clothes, or something else, we have what you’re looking for!

To learn new techniques and get new patterns each month, join our crochet community at Happily Hooked!



Nikki Robertson is a writer and avid crocheter. She has been writing for the last 15 years and crocheting for 5. She enjoys crocheting amigurumi, blankets, and bookmarkers. She enjoys reading and spending time with her son and two cats when she is not writing or crafting.

Writer and member, Nikki Robertson